|Name of the nation||Japan or Nippon|
|National flag||Hinomaru (the rising-sun flag)|
|Total land area||377,972.28 square kilometers, the 62rd in the world.|
|Latitude & longitude||Japan Geodetic Datum 2-18-1, Azabudai, Minato City, Tokyo, Longitude: 139° 44' 28.8869" (East) Latitude: 35° 39' 29.1572" (North)|
|Population||127.1 million, world's tenth-most populous country as of April 27th, 2016.|
|Political systems||Constitutional monarchy (the 125th Emperor, Emperor Akihito), Prime Minister Shinzo Abe|
|Holidays||January 1st: New Year's Day, 2nd Monday of January: Coming-of-Age Day, Around March 21st: Vernal Equinox Day,April 29th: Showa Day, May 3rd: Constitution Memorial Day, May 4th: Greenery Day, May 5th: Children's Day,3rd Monday of July: Marine Day,August 11th: Mountain Day,3rd Monday of September: Respect for the Aged Day, Around September 23rd: Autumnal Equinox Day, 2nd Monday of October: Sports Day,November 3rd: Culture Day, November 23rd: Labor Thanksgiving Day, December 23rd The Emperor's Birthday|
|Currency||Yen (¥, JPY) Exchange rate example: 1 USD = 107 JPY|
JPY (Yen) units.
Notes:10000yen / 5000yen / 2000yen / 1000yen
Coin:500yen / 100yen / 50yen / 10yen / 5yen / 1yen
The value (numbers) of the currency can be clearly identified due to the printed or embossed Arabic numbers on the surface of the money. Only the 5-yen coin doesn't have any numbers.
Currency exchange service is available at dedicate currency exchange offices, banks, and post offices, the exchange fees are almost same.
It is recommended to first exchange few amounts at airport upon arriving, then exchange more at the Exchange Office in the city when needed.
There are no limitations of the amounts you can bring into or out of Japan. However, amounts of more than 1 million yen require customs declaration.
You cannot use other currencies except Japanese Yen in Japan.
Generally, vending machines and parking lots systems only accept 1000-yen bills and 100-yen, 50-yen and 10-yen coins. You may not be able to use other notes and coins.
It is recommended to bring more 1000-yen bills and 100-yen coins with you when traveling.
Japan has a very high rate of credit card ownership but Japanese people prefer cash payments to credit card payments.
Almost all hotels, airports, convenience stores and department stores in Japan accept major credit card brands such as VISA and MasterCard.
However, small shops, some transportation companies (especially in rural areas) may not accept credit card payments.
You should ask the staff of the shop whether they accept credit card or not before making any purchase decisions.
Since there are few ATMs that can be used to withdraw cash by using credit cards or cash cards issued outside Japan, you may want to check where to withdraw cash in advance.
Generally, ATMs of Japan Post Bank and Seven Bank accept overseas cards.
You should call emergency phone numbers for urgent situations such as illness and accidents.
The emergency phone number consists of 3-digit numbers which can be called from anywhere within Japan.
Contact the police
Phone Number 110
[ Purpose ] Lost and found/Report theft/Accidents/Incidents
Contact the fire department
Phone Number 119
[ Purpose ] Sudden illness*/Serious injury*/Fire
*Note that you should only call emergency numbers in severe situations such as having difficulty to go to hospital on your own.
An information alert service providing emergency information for foreign tourists. (English only)